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Impact of the Missouri River on the Mandan and Hidatsa People
By Garard A. Baker
Governor's Conference on North Dakota History

Bismarck Civic Center; Saturday, October 29, 2011
Audio file courtesy State Historical Society of North Dakota
Introduction by Erik Holland, SHSND Curator of Education

Gerard A. Baker

Gerard A. Baker

Gerard Baker is the former superintendent of Mount Rushmore National Memorial, one of the nation's most visited national parks. He served in the federal government for 27 years: 24 years with the National Park Service and 3 years with the US Forest Service. He is a full-blood member of the Mandan-Hidatsa Tribe of the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, Mandaree, North Dakota. He grew up on the reservation on his father's cattle ranch in Western North Dakota. He received a Doctorate in Public Service from the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology in December 2007. He is a graduate of Southern Oregon State University, Ashland, OR, with degrees in criminology and sociology. Mr. Baker began his National Park Service career in 1979 and was a park superintendent for 15 years of his NPS service. He recently retired as assistant director for American Indian Relations.

Click here to listen to audio recording of speech (MP3 audio file, 48.5 MB)


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